It is a crucial field of medicine, as the respiratory system is responsible for providing oxygen to all the organs in our body. Pulmonologists work with patients who have different lung conditions – from minor allergies to chronic respiratory diseases like asthma and COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.) In this blog post, we will delve deep into the specialized field of pulmonology and understand its significance in the healthcare industry what does a pulmonologist do.

What Does a Pulmonologist do?

Pulmonologists specialize in diagnosing and treating respiratory and pulmonary diseases that affect the lungs and respiratory system. They work with patients who have a wide range of respiratory illnesses, including asthma, pulmonary fibrosis, pneumonia, emphysema, lung cancer, COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease), and other rare lung diseases. Pulmonologists use advanced diagnostic tools, such as lung function tests, X-rays, CT scans, bronchoscopes, and other imaging techniques, to diagnose and treat respiratory illnesses.

When should You Visit a Pulmonologist?

If you have chronic or persistent lung or respiratory symptoms, you might need to visit a pulmonologist. Some common symptoms that require a pulmonologist include:

Shortness of breath

Chronic coughing


Chest pain or tightness


Recurring respiratory infections

If left untreated, these symptoms can lead to chronic respiratory diseases like asthma, COPD, and lung cancer. Pulmonologists can help diagnose and treat these conditions, ultimately helping their patients lead a better quality of life.

Training and Education Needed to Become a Pulmonologist

To become a pulmonologist, a physician must complete a four-year medical degree program, followed by three years of residency in internal medicine. Afterward, they must complete an additional three-year fellowship in pulmonary medicine. Throughout the training, pulmonologists gain experience in diagnosing and treating patients with all kinds of lung diseases. This specialized training enables pulmonologists to identify diseases based on the symptoms, diagnostic tests, and effective treatment plans.

Pulmonology Research and Advances

Pulmonology is a continually evolving, specialized field, with developing techniques and advancements. The latest advancements in pulmonology include therapy for severe asthma, respiratory treatment, and surgery for lung diseases. Treatment is becoming more effective and less invasive, further improving patient outcomes. Pulmonologists also closely monitor clinical trials, new medicines, and treatment methodologies, regularly contributing research to the field and broader medical community to improve healthcare outcomes.

Lifestyle Changes That Can Help Improve Respiratory Health

Along with seeking out expert medical care, it’s essential to make lifestyle changes to improve your respiratory health. Simple measures such as quitting smoking, increasing physical exercise, reducing exposure to polluted air, and maintaining a healthy body weight can significantly help. Always follow prescribed treatment and medication, you can help manage symptoms and improve your quality of life.


Pulmonology is a specialized field of study that focuses on the respiratory system and lung diseases. Pulmonologists play a crucial role in helping diagnose and treat respiratory illnesses, supporting patients with personalized, effective plans to improve their respiratory health. With increasing medical research and advancements, the experts in pulmonology work tirelessly to contribute to the broader medical community’s understanding and promote healthcare improvements. It is important to follow recommendations and advice from an expert pulmonologist, alongside lifestyle changes to achieve optimal respiratory health.