Its main function is to determine the position and direction of travel, including seeing the weather conditions being faced while on the cruise.
You need to know that in ancient times these navigation tools were made with the aim of helping in seeing celestial bodies. However, when the weather is cloudy, it will be quite difficult to know the direction of the ship to be taken and TZ Professional is the solution.
Well, now of course this can be overcome with various developments and technologies embedded in the tool
Ship Navigation Type
The types of ship navigation are quite a lot. Each type of navigation certainly has its own function that is useful to help the ship travel when sailing. Among the types of navigation tools are as follows.
In terms of shipping, maps turned out to be the main ship navigation tool that should not be forgotten.
Map is a picture of the earth’s surface in the form of two dimensions with a certain scale projection. When sailing, ships need a map to determine the destination of the voyage to be taken.
A ship is equipped with radar as one of the navigations in it which serves to provide information related to the distance of the ship to the mainland, other ships, and possible obstacles that will be faced in order to avoid a collision. The ship’s radar also acts as a target detector.
Detected targets can also be seen remotely. The way the radar works is by sending radio waves. Later, these waves can reflect echoes with a size of strength that suits the needs of the voyage.
The next type of navigation found on ships is satellite. A device that uses radio signals to determine the point of a ship in the ocean or on the earth’s surface. GPS belonging to the United States has become one of the satellites that is quite popular.
Gyro compass is one of the navigation tools on the ship that serves to find the right direction. In use, the gyro compass will not be blocked by an external magnetic field. The repeater system used for emergency steering must also have a steering platform.
Automatic Identification System
The next type of navigation on ships is the Automatic Identification System or what is often referred to as AIS. The role of AIS in the voyage of ships is to determine navigational statistics as well as the position of other ships.
The use of AIS on ships requires a VHF radio channel that functions as a transmitter in receiving and sending messages between ships, so that communication can be maintained and carried out properly.
Automatic Tracking Aid
Automatic Tracking Aid as a type of ship navigation that can provide information regarding the target to be tracked.
The data displayed is usually in the form of graphs and numbers that provide planning for the right direction or course in order to avoid collisions.
The next ship navigation tool that you need to know is navigational lights. Currently, every ship that sails from small to large sizes must be equipped with navigation lights to assist navigation, especially at night.
Navigation lights on ships have an important role to reduce the occurrence of marine accidents. The International Maritime Conference held in 1889 by the United States has inaugurated navigation lights as one of the instruments that must be equipped when sailing.
The lighting on the ship must be bright and clear so that other ships can see it properly, so that the possibility of collisions between ships can be avoided.
Sound Reception System
A ship with an enclosed bridge must be equipped with a navigation type Sound Reception System. The system was created with the aim of helping navigation officers in the cabin to listen to voice signals in the form of a ship’s flute.
Not only that, the Sound Reception System is also useful to assist navigation officers in conducting surveillance in accordance with applicable standards. This type of navigation is usually installed on the ship’s bridge.