Reston VA Dentist | The Causes and Symptoms of TMJ Disorder

It is a sliding hinge that links your jawbone to your skull. Each side of your jaw has one joint. TMJ problems, which are a kind of temporomandibular disorder (TMD), can cause pain in the jaw joint and the muscles that govern jaw movement. It is often difficult to pinpoint the exact origin of a person’s TMJ condition. Your pain could be caused by a variety of factors, including heredity, arthritis, or a jaw injury. Some patients with jaw pain also clench or grind their teeth (bruxism), while many people clench or grind their teeth routinely and never develop TMJ issues. 

The pain and discomfort associated with TMJ issues are usually transitory and can be eased with self-care or nonsurgical therapies. Surgery is performed as a last resort after all other options have been exhausted. However, surgical procedures may benefit some persons with TMJ issues.

In this article, get all the information you need to know about TMJ disorders. All the information provided in the articles is given by the experts of dental labs nyc at Cayster. Cayster is the answer to all your search “denture labs near me.” 

What are the symptoms of TMJ disorders?

TMJ dysfunction symptoms vary depending on the degree and source of your disease. According to the dentists at dental labs nyc, pain in the jaw and surrounding muscles are the most prevalent sign of TMJ disorders.

Other symptoms commonly related to these illnesses, according to 2021 research, include:

  • The discomfort felt in the face or neck.
  • the rigidity of the jaw muscles
  • restricted jaw mobility
  • jaw locking
  • clicking or popping noises from the TMJ area
  • dental problems, such as tooth deterioration
  • Tinnitus (ringing in the ear)
  • vertigo
  • headaches
  • the shift in the jaw, altering the alignment of the upper and lower teeth (called malocclusion)

According to the dentists at dental labs nyc, symptoms may appear on either one or both sides of the face.

How are TMJ disorders treated?

Because TMJ issues can have a range of causes, there are also a variety of treatments available. Home remedies are usually recommended first by dentists at dental labs nyc. Many more complex treatments still require additional research to demonstrate their efficacy.

Home treatments

In many situations, the symptoms of TMJ issues can be managed at home using self-care activities. TMJ problems can be relieved at home by performing the following:

  • Consume soft meals.
  • To reduce swelling, apply ice to the affected area.
  • Minimize jaw motions.
  • Stay away from chewing gum and rough meals (like beef jerky).
  • Take stress-reduction strategies.
  • Perform jaw-stretching exercises to increase jaw movement.


If home therapies do not relieve your TMJ, some drugs, both over-the-counter and recommended by a doctor, may provide more relief.

Among these medications are:

  • nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs)
  • corticosteroids
  • muscle relaxants
  • antidepressants
  • anesthetics used locally

The doctor will advise you on which drug is best for you based on your specific condition and medical history.


Physical therapy may be recommended by the doctor. Depending on the area that needs attention, your therapy may include the following:

  • thermal treatment
  • cooling therapy
  • acupuncture
  • mobilisation of tissue
  • resistance training
  • stretches

If you and the doctor suspect that stress is causing your TMJ condition, you can also try talk therapy or stress management activities.

Surgery or other procedures

If the above procedures do not alleviate your symptoms, your doctor may decide that your situation necessitates more serious therapy.

Botox injections are one example of such a treatment. These injections are typically used to treat painful trigger points or chronic teeth grinding. However, the proof for this treatment is currently weak.

In extremely rare situations, your doctor may advise you to have surgery to treat your disease. Procedures may include the following:

  • Corrective dental procedure to align your teeth and improve your bite
  • Arthrocentesis, which removes joint fluid and debris
  • joint replacement surgery
  • The procedures used to treat this problem may aggravate your symptoms in certain situations. Discuss the risks of these procedures with your doctor.

Reasons for TMJ disorders are caused. 

In many cases, the source of TMJ issues is unknown. Trauma to the jaw or joint may be involved. External health issues can contribute to the development of TMJ dysfunction.

These are some examples:

  • arthritis
  • joint erosion (wearing away) 
  • persistent tooth grinding or clenching
  • structural jaw abnormalities evident at birth 
  • growth disorders
  • Risk elements

While few factors have been linked to the development of TMJ disorders, they have not been established to be a causal cause.

Some examples are:

  • female hormones (estrogen is thought to play a role in the development of TMJ)
  • the bad posture that strains the neck and face muscles
  • long-term stress
  • hypermobility of joints

How are TMJ disorders diagnosed?

TMJ issues are notoriously difficult to diagnose. To diagnose your illness, your doctor may recommend you to a dentist or an ear, nose, and throat (ENT) expert. Most illnesses that fall under that umbrella have no established diagnostic tests.

A doctor may examine you to discover whether there is any swelling or soreness. They may also use a variety of imaging tests.

These are some examples:

  • X-rays: You generally bite down on a small mouthpiece while the dentist swings an imaging machine around your head for X-rays of the jaw and teeth. The dentist at dental labs nyc will be able to see the bones in and around your jaw and the location of your teeth using these X-rays.
  •  CT- scan: A CT scan of the jaw allows your doctor to see the bones and joint structures in greater detail than a standard X-ray.
  •  MRI: An MRI of the jaw will identify if there are any structural issues with the jaw. It is also known as magnetic resonance imaging and employs a magnetic field to produce detailed images of organs and tissues.


How can TMJ be prevented?

You may not be able to prevent the TMJ condition. Still, you may be able to minimize symptoms by reducing stress, using physical therapy and exercises, and working with a dentist if you grind your teeth at night. According to the dentists at dental labs nyc, wearing a nighttime mouthguard and taking muscle relaxants are two possible treatments for teeth grinding.


The underlying etiology determines the prognosis for TMJ issues. Many people can successfully treat TMJ issues at home, such as modifying posture or reducing stress.

Changing your lifestyle may not be enough if your ailment results from a chronic (long-term) disease like arthritis. Arthritis can wear down the joint and cause pain over time. However, numerous medications are available to aid with the symptoms of arthritis. Most TMJ disease cases necessitate lifestyle adjustments, possibly in conjunction with drugs to alleviate pain and discomfort. Aggressive treatments are rarely required.

Please do not hesitate to contact Cayster’s office if you have any questions. We would be delighted to assist you in your quest to improve your oral health and overall well-being. Our mission is to help patients retain healthy smiles for life.